Haemorrhoids surgery

A condition characterized by accumulation of blood in venous plexus leading to enlargement of haemorrhoids or haemorrhoid nodes. The causes include walking, sitting, chronic constipation, hormonal changes in pregnancy, etc. Haemorrhoid symptoms include traces of red blood coming from the rectum after bowel movement, itching and burning, later also severe pain in the anus. Haemorrhoid nodes can be both external and internal; very often, the patient suffers from both. Yet, the treatment of external and internal haemorrhoids differs. Internal haemorrhoid nodes must be assessed in a clinical examination or anoscopy to determine the stage of growth. The examination is painless and is done on an outpatient basis. Early stages can be treated with conservative methods including application of ointments or drugs, establishment of a regular bowel movement pattern, sufficient amount of fibre in the diet (to prevent constipation), plenty of fluids and, also, physical exercise. In slightly advanced stages of the disease it is recommended to undergo an outpatient surgery, in which the haemorrhoid nodes are ligated or removed. The most suitable solution for advanced stages of the illness is a conventional surgery performed under local or general anaesthesia, which requires hospitalization. External haemorrhoid nodes can be easily detected in a clinical examination. They can be removed in an outpatient surgery performed under local or general anaesthesia. The disease belongs among the most common lifestyle diseases as affects over 50% of the population above 50 years of age.

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