Hernia is a condition when a weakened part of the abdominal wall protrudes, creating a “bag”, which can contain organs that are under normal conditions located in the abdominal cavity. Hernia symptoms include feeling of pressure in the abdomen due to physical exertion, frequent strong contractions when pushing the stool, coughing, urinating, or symptoms related to other diseases related to the weakening of the abdominal wall. Hernia can also be congenital. The condition can develop in the inguinal or umbilical area, at the site of a scar after a surgery, or, rarely, elsewhere. The only possible treatment is surgical removal. Hernia manifests itself in form of pain and it can be palpated. If it is not surgically removed in time, it can become strangulated (incarcerated), which might result in a life-threatening condition known as peritonitis whose symptoms include severe pain sometimes accompanied by vomiting.
Inguinal hernia is more common in men. It develops in the inguinal canal and it can extend bilaterally. This type of hernia can be removed laparoscopically: a mesh is implanted in the patient's body to reinforce the weakened abdominal wall, preventing it from forming other protrusions.
In most cases, the whole procedure can be done laparoscopically.